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Risk Management in Tourism - The Risks and Solutions

A fundamental worldwide issue is to critically assess how potential holiday seekers perceive the concept of risk and safety as related to tourism. It is particularly  in view of the actual increasing political and socio-economic risks confronting travellers when they travel away from their usual place of stay. Today, the probability of risk that an individual will be a victim of terrorism, international conflict, health hazard or natural disaster is no longer remote but significant in certain chines. For the program of the tourism industry, thorough understanding of international tourists' perceptions of risk and safety is key in every destination. Ensuring safety is, therefore, a prerequisite and the minimum for the basic operations of the tourism industry. Therefore, the issues of risk and safety within the tourism industry call for more attention and research.

Tourism has been developed into an economic power base and a significant contributor to some countries' GDP. Examples include but not limited to the following:
  • Christian religious tourism to Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Rome.
  • Muslim religious tourism to Mecca and Medina
  • UK, USA, South Africa, Malaysia, France, China, Japan, India and Brazil are few examples of countries that promote tourism for holidays, cultural carnivals, sporting events, international conferences etc.
The Risks in Tourism: There are a lot of risks in Tourism; some of these risks are mentioned below:
  • Risks of injury including death are the major fear of Tourists around the world.
  • Crowd control is a prominent risk in religious tourism. An example is the stampede case in Saudi Arabia where Muslims pilgrims lost their lives.
  • In recent times, Terrorism has raised its ugly head among the risks associated with tourism. 
The Solutions: The solutions to the risks mentioned above and others are listed below:
  • Security provisions and detailed information about several aspects of conduct that promote safety and security must be top priority from selection process to the end of the tours.
  • Hotels, Tourism and Travel organisations should be encouraged to own and maintain own vehicles and also imbibe good maintenance culture of facilities to prevent accidents or deaths due to reckless driving.
  • Hotels and hospitality organisations in their various categories, should be managed by professionals in order to maintain high standard and also provide corresponding quality products and services to their different categories of customers, while hoteliers are to be encouraged to plough back part of their profit into the development of Tourism 

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